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Old Andalucía
Caves, Dolmens, Cities: Cádiz and Málaga

Rock paintings of prehistoric cultures - first testimony of human activity - are frequent in Andalucía, and can be found in shelters and caves, difficult to access or lost in the mountains, in provinces such as Almería (Cueva de los Letreros, Vélez Blanco), Córdoba or Granada, and in Cádiz and Málaga, where the lime relief of the mountain range preserves a lot of these voids, used as sanctuaries since the Paleolithic Age (30.000 a.D).

We start our sightseeing tour at the pictorial complex of EL BACINETE (Los Barrios), and the famous TAJO DE LAS FIGURAS (Benalup de Sidonia), with a series of schematic paintings attributable to the Copper Age (III millenium a.D.).

Los Barrios, Tajo de las Figuras, Cueva de la Pileta, Benaoján, Acinipo, Ronda, Bobastro, Antequera, Mollina, Alameda.

On the outskirts of BENAOJÁN there is a complex of caves with pre-historic importance, such as the Pileta which was declared a National Monument of Cave Art in 1924 for the quantity, quality and oldness of its pictorial samples. The Pileta cave is three kilometres away from the town and was discovered in 1911 by the Englishman Verner, and the archaeologists who studied and established the eras of the geometric and figurative paintings were also foreigners. The other grotto, of notable archaeological interest, is the Hundidero-El Gato cave, that in its day guarded a very rich site which was totally plundered.The caves of Alfaque, Cancho, la Cabaña, Camarín, La Higuereta etc. are of archaeological interest and as a scenic view point there are places like Las Montillas, la Sierra de Grazalema and la Torre de Moro.

The city of ANTEQUERA, its historic complex, is simply the combination of its historical past, manifest in a rich art collection composed by more than half a hundred monuments and singular buildings of religious and civil architecture which start in the Bronze Age and end in the 18th century. It is hard to describe, in just a few lines, the centuries of history that contemplate dolmens, collegiate churches, churches, convents, palaces, arches, doors, castle and citadel, chapels, stately houses, mansions and the urban stretch. As so many towns have passed by, especially Roman and Muslim, and remain integrated in the Corona de Castilla, the city grows Renaissance and Baroque, this being the last period which marks it the most, leaving great architectural and urbanistic works.

In MOLLINA, in the Cortijo de Santillán, we visit the castle of Capiruzón, the only fort in Andalucia with these characteristics. Our sightseeing tours ends at ALAMEDA, where we visit the Roman thermal baths.