other districts in the province of Malaga, the history of the Axarquía
dates back to the Palaeolithic times, proven by the remains found
in several caves in the mountains of the Sierras de Alhama, Tejeda
and Almijara. There are also cave paintings and some household utensils
from the prehistoric men who populated the region. The Higuerón
and Victoria caves in Rincón de la Victoria and the caves
in Nerja are all excellent examples of these primitive cultures.
Carthaginians, Greeks and Romans have also left their mark here.
In Trayamar near Algarrobo there are the remains of a Palaeo-Punic
necropolis which has a tomb from the 8th century B.C. It is one
of the most important Phoenician remains in West Europe.
Vélez-Málaga, Macharaviaya, Sedella, Salares, Algarrobo,
Sayalonga, Archez, Cómpeta, Torrox, Frigiliana, Nerja.
Torrox, at the Roman Calviculum, there are remains of Roman
baths and a necropolis. The many examples of Moorish art and architecture
in the villages are the fruit of the period of Moorish rule, like
the minarets in Arenas, Salares, Archez and the Moorish watch-towers
all along the coast.
Christian monarchs reconquered the Axarquía in 1487 with the help
of rich noblemen from Castile. They first took Vélez-Málaga
which came under the kingdom of Granada. This more recent
history from the end of the 15th century has shaped the region over
400 years up to its present form today. The inland villages are
mainly agricultural but the villages on the coast have changed drastically
over the last 25 years because of the tourist development.
all the villages have known how to keep their rich and varied historic
legacy that past civilisations have left. Their culture has its
roots in the Moorish period as can be seen from the architecture,
the gastronomy, the folk songs and dances, the arts, crafts, and